Arthritis and arthrosis (joint disease)

Arthritis and osteoarthritis in fact, very similar symptoms of diseases of the joints, accompanied by pain and limitation of movements, but the Foundation of arthritis - inflammation and arthritis - joint destruction. This is not a diagnosis, it is a consequence of any disease. The diagnosis is made taking into account the causes of this condition of joints e.g., reactive arthritis (inflammation of the joint in response to an infection elsewhere in the body) or osteoarthritis.

arthritis and arthrosis

Arthritis

Arthritis is called the inflammation of any joint. Arthritis can be traumatic, infectious and degenerative origin.

Loss of one or several joints can be a symptom of other diseases. Arthritis often occurs when repeated lung injuries, open or closed injuries of the joints. Arthritis can develop with frequent physical overexertion and hypothermia. Various infections (eg, intestinal or bladder) can also cause arthritis, called reactive. Found and rheumatoid arthritis, in which there is progressive inflammation of several joints (most often small), while limbs are affected symmetrically. Often this affects older people. Cause of arthritis may also be a violation of the metabolism.

Causes of arthritis

Causes of arthritis: bacterial, viral or fungal infection, trauma, allergies, metabolic disorders, diseases of the nervous system, lack of vitamins. Typically, the penetration of infection in the joints occurs through the bloodstream from another part of the body, it can occur if trauma, surgery, or a General decline of immunity.

Types of arthritis

There are the following types:

  • infectious arthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • gout
  • reactive arthritis

They all involve inflammation of the synovial membrane - a thin film of connective tissue lining the joints from the inside.

The symptoms of arthritis

the symptoms of arthritis and osteoarthritis

For arthritis characterized by pain in the joint, especially when driving there are often limits his mobility, swelling, change of shape, sometimes the skin over the joint becomes red and there is fever.

Symptoms of infectious arthritis are redness, swelling joint, pain when pressure is applied, the joint may be hot to the touch, often there are General symptoms of an infectious disease - fever, chills, pain throughout the body.

There are arthritis of one joint (mono-arthritis) and of many (polyarthritis).

Arthritis may begin suddenly and be accompanied by severe pain in the joint (acute arthritis) or develop gradually (chronic arthritis). Some people have seen a sharp aching or dull pain. This pain comparable with toothache. The movement in this joint is usually disrupted, there is stiffness.

Treatment of arthritis

Treatment of arthritis depends on the form of the disease. First of all, one must eliminate its root cause (infection, excessive exercise, poor diet, alcohol abuse).

Treatment of arthritis involves primarily the use of antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, often injected intra-articular. Carrying out the treatment of arthritis, professionals also pay great attention to physiotherapeutic procedures and therapeutic calisthenics that are necessary to maintain joint mobility and preservation of muscle mass.

Osteoarthritis

What is the difference between osteoarthritis arthritis?

Osteoarthritis - a chronic joint disease of metabolic nature, accompanied by changes in the mating surfaces of the bones. More correct name of osteoarthritis - osteoarthrosis.

The main symptoms of arthritis: severe pain in the joint, reduced mobility of joints. In the case of neglect occurs arthrosis ankylosis.

The main difference between osteoarthritis arthritis: arthrosis major destructive activity is performed not inflammatory and degenerative processes in the articular cartilage, the cartilage is destroyed.

Osteoarthritis is not an inflammatory disease and therefore has nothing to do with arthritis or chronic arthritis, in which inflammation of the joint is based on a jet pathological changes of the synovial fluid. The same can be said about acute arthritis — inflammation of joints caused by various infectious agents.

The typical symptoms of osteoarthritis – pain with exertion, subsiding at rest, restriction of mobility and crunch in the joint, muscle tension in the joint, possibly periodic swelling, gradual deformation of the joint. But unlike arthritis, there is no redness of the joint, it is not hot to the touch.

Unlike arthritis, osteoarthritis is a joint disease involving primarily the destruction of cartilage and inflammation occurs later and may not be permanent.

At the initial stages of osteoarthritis manifests as unpleasant sensations and crackle when bending the joints. When osteoarthritis begins to progress, there is pain with movement, physical exertion, increasing to the end of the day (during the night it usually subsides, and the person, who suffers from osteoarthritis, can long time not to pay attention to the disease). In the later stages of osteoarthritis completely impaired joint mobility and pain tormented person more often.

Osteoarthritis is very dangerous, and if degenerative tissue changes have gone too far, the doctor will not be able to restore the joint. Usually only slow the progression of the disease, reduce inflammation (due to the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and to reduce pain. To arthrosis has not led to disability, the patient should try to reduce the load on the affected joint and get rid of excess weight, aided by physiotherapy and physiotherapy. Arthritis in severe form may require surgical intervention.

arthritis and osteoarthritis causes

Causes of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis causes pathological changes in joint tissues, and causes disease is still not fully understood. Osteoarthritis develops under the influence of various genetic (arthritis often affects women and people with congenital diseases of bones and joints) and acquired (advanced age, obesity, surgery on the joints) factors. Arthrosis can occur as a result of excessive loads on the joints or injuries. To distinguish between primary and secondary osteoarthritis. Primary osteoarthritis – a result of violation of processes of regeneration of cartilage cells that can occur due to poor blood supply and nutrition of tissues of the joint. Considered secondary arthrosis develops in an already affected joint, but to draw a clear line between these two forms difficult.

Arthrosis can occur as a result of intoxications, infectious diseases (e.g., typhus, syphilis, etc.) are Also arthritis can occur when joint injuries (fracture of the articular ends of bones, articular cartilage lesion), with significant functional overload of the joint (for example, ballet dancers, movers, etc.). Known the importance of their professional obligations (for example, osteoarthritis in workers of hot shops).

Classification of arthrosis

Primary arthrosis – is about 40-50% of all cases of osteoarthritis. In this case, the disease occurs in previously healthy joint, and its reason is not damage to the joint, as, for example, heavy physical work.

Secondary osteoarthritis - approximately 50-60% of cases. In this case, the joint is susceptible to osteoarthritis, was deformed before the disease - for example, as a result of injury.

Osteoarthritis hurts from 10 to 15 % of the population. With age risk of arthritis increases significantly. Often the symptoms of osteoarthritis detected in 30-40 years. 27% of people over the age of 50 suffer from osteoarthritis. And after 60 years this disease affects almost everything. The incidence of osteoarthritis is the same among men and women. The exception is osteoarthritis of the interphalangeal joints - this type of arthritis most common in women.

Most often arthritis is a destructive change in the bone and cartilage that occur with age as a result of natural aging. Eloquent and statistics. To achieve the 60-70 years of the disease osteoarthritis is diagnosed in 60-70% of people. The word "arthritis" and the arthritis only phonetically similar, but the causes may be different, respectively, and the treatment too.

While highlighting the differences of arthritis, it is important to realize the different direction, which is destructive and deforming process. If you have arthritis, the metabolism in the joint, loses its elasticity, the cartilage becomes thinner and every move causes pain. If you have arthritis, germs or even your own immune system against the joints, your body is working against its tissue and it becomes a cause of inflammation, pain and changes, wearing a deforming character. Understanding is important because it determines the treatment. While arthritis will be suppressed by the infection or autoimmune processes, mechanical recovery of the joint – the main goal for treatment of patients with osteoarthritis.

The first strike, taking knee joints, joints of elbows, hands. Thus, knee osteoarthritis is the most common. Occurs over time deforming arthrosis, joints begin to deform due to the curvature of the affected areas may take bizarre shapes. There are, in particular, terms such as "Swan neck" etc. If a person deforming arthrosis and affected fingers, externally, they can be shorter.

Arthrosis deformans is a disease of modernity, it has led us to a sedentary lifestyle. By nature we are meant to live differently, but automating the processes that a person "earned" a lot of ills that people are paying for all the benefits. Deforming arthrosis affects, as a rule, supporting joints. Knee osteoarthritis explain, because its peculiarity in contrast to the rest of the joints in the big load he carries. Nature did not care much about food these overworked areas. And because your own blood vessels around the cartilage of the knee joint not, as a result of aging or under the influence of infections or injuries, it can atrophy.

the affected joints

What joints are suffering with osteoarthritis?

The most common disease arthrosis of the joints of the lower half of the body (hip, knee). The most commonly affected in osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthrosis) and hip (coxarthrosis) joints. One of the earliest symptoms of osteoarthritis is pain in the knee joints. Early in the disease alone is absent, but appears when the load on the joint. With osteoarthritis of the knee can be useful for massage of the lower extremities, but it is necessary to avoid direct impact on the patient's joint, as it can increase in this inflammatory response.

On hands disease osteoarthritis most often exposed joints of the phalanges. Osteoarthritis usually occurs first in one joint and then in a second symmetrical to the first.

Osteoarthritis of the spine

Ankylosing spondylosis (ankylosing spondylitis) leads to restriction of mobility of the spine because of the connection, ie fusion, some of the joints.

The results of x-ray examination revealed that the spine is prone to osteoarthritis, similar to a bamboo stick.

There are five forms of arthritis of the spine:

  • Central - osteoarthritis only affects the spine
  • The incidence of arthritis not only the spine but also the shoulder and other joints.
  • Peripheral - arthrosis of the spine and affected peripheral joints
  • Scandinavian - damage happens osteoarthritis occurs in the spine and small joints of hands and feet
  • Ankylosing spondylitis with out-articular manifestations: ocular system, cardiovascular system, kidneys, lungs, in the form of fibrosis.

The degree of arthrosis of a damaged spine, or rather, as he has limited mobility, made the following samples:

  • You have to tilt the torso forward for maximum distance without bending at the knees. The distance to the floor in the absence of arthrosis in the range of 5 millimeters.
  • You need to get up to the wall and back into her heels, buttocks and head. Most often, patients with arthritis cannot touch the back of his head.
  • You must stand up straight, not bending the spine, and then try to get the ear shoulder joint.

Patients with osteoarthritis can't do that.

The symptoms of osteoarthritis

symptoms and treatment

The basis of disease is malnutrition of the articular ends of the bones. Changes in patency or damage nourishing bone vessels cause aseptic necrosis, aggravating the damage in the joint. Osteoarthritis is progressive in nature. First, pathological changes appear in the inner lining of the joint capsule, then they capture the cartilage covering the articular surfaces of articulated bones, formation of bone outgrowths in the form of spikes - osteophytes, develops the picture of deforming arthrosis. The osteophytes can break away and then, arthrosis is accompanied by arthritis - inflammation of a joint.

Most osteoarthritis develops in the hip, knee, and fingers. Osteoarthritis usually affects middle-aged and elderly. Osteoarthritis is manifested by pain, which appear arise periodically, aggravated after the sudden physical exertion or, on the contrary, after a long dormancy. Due to pain limited joint mobility. Arthrosis is accompanied by inflammation of the tissues surrounding a joint, and nerve trunks, the function of the joint suffers as a result of protective muscle tension.

Treatment of osteoarthritis

Treatment of osteoarthritis - ambulatory and sanatorium-resort conditions. Prescribed painkillers, hormonal drugs, physiotherapy (thermal procedures, ultrasound), medical gymnastics, massage. In severe cases, for the treatment of arthrosis resorting to surgery (arthrodesis, arthroplasty).

If the process of deterioration of cartilage have not gone too far, help products containing natural substance derived from the shells of marine animals. It positively affects the metabolism in cartilage and improves joint mobility.

30.04.2019