Arthrosis of the shoulder joint: symptoms, causes, extent

The development of arthrosis of the shoulder joint cause dystrophic changes cartilage and the adjacent bone tissue. The disease often becomes chronic with increasing symptoms over time occurs, deformation and stable disorder of the functioning of the hands.

arthrosis of the shoulder joint

Due to microscopic injury and inflammation of the cartilage becomes thinner, cracks, cracks gradually filled with salt deposits. All this destroys the tissue. This process, the beginning of which people may not notice, can be held long enough. The changes, which resulted in the structure of the bone becomes denser and undergoes deformation, causing pain in the shoulder. The emergence of pain syndrome is a signal for treatment to the doctor.

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint is a long and difficult process. Only in strict observance of all doctor's appointments, you can achieve a good result.

Causes

Shoulder joint arthrosis progresses slowly, symptoms are not immediately noticeable, but to be its cause:

  • prolonged poor blood supply of the joint as a result of vascular diseases caused by diabetes, atherosclerosis and varicose veins;
  • damage to the shoulder joint, which caused it to deform and inflammation;
  • professional activity that involves regular heavy loads on the hands, for example, longshoremen and construction workers;
  • acquired or congenital damage to the joint; it also includes developmental abnormalities, caused by a deficiency of collagen.

Also increase the likelihood that you may develop osteoarthritis, the following circumstances:

  • acute and chronic diseases, such inflammation of the joints like arthritis and synovitis;
  • sedentary lifestyle and, consequently, excess weight;
  • the presence of such diseases as osteoporosis;
  • the presence of chronic endocrine or autoimmune diseases, for example gout and lupus erythematosus;
  • bad genetics: if the father or mother was diagnosed with this disease, and in children the risk of developing osteoarthritis increases;
  • older people: 80% of older people over the age of 70 years, there are age-related changes in the shoulder joint.

The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

As mentioned above, this disease develops slowly and often people do not notice anything, especially at the beginning.

To indicate that the person arthrosis, can such characteristics as:

shoulder joint arthrosis symptoms
  1. Pain syndrome – the first and sometimes the only manifestation of the disease. Early in the disease mild pain occurs during exercise or when the person is not so turned my hand over. Over time, the pain gets worse, especially at night or when vigorous movements with his hands. The pain is made all the more pronounced with the further development of arthrosis.
  2. The skin on the shoulder is red, the joint is markedly swollen. The temperature increase observed not only in the place of the affected area, but the entire body. These symptoms indicate an inflammatory process.
  3. Crunching and crackling in the joint, arising as a consequence of salt deposits. In the beginning of the disease the sound is very quiet, but over time, a strong snapping crunch even hear the people around them.
  4. If left untreated, the joint eventually grow bone growths, and it hardens.
  5. Over time the patient begins to experience pain even when performing such a simple movement such as brushing hair. That's what the doctor is asked to perform when diagnosed osteoarthritis. The difficulty arises with the rotational movement of the hand and also when you try to reject the hand back. If people do not start promptly treated, it can lead to complete loss of motor function of the hands.

If you have pain in your shoulder, especially if you have bruised or sprained to make an appointment with the doctor. The earlier you start treatment, the greater the effect it will give. You must know that not all people have this disease with pronounced symptoms.

The extent of the disease

How is osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint? It is possible to allocate 3 stages of the process.

1 the extent of the disease

Characterized by a slight change in the tissue. The pain syndrome occurs when lifting heavy objects or when the person commits the same shoulder motion. Tissue loses its elasticity, and as a result, she now can only withstand a small load.

If the person slept or hand has long been in a state of rest, the patient can not move her immediately: he needs her "to develop", beginning with slow movements. X-ray study also shows large deviations in the tissues of the joint. When the voltage is marked inflammation of the shoulder joint. Often people do not see anything wrong with a little discomfort that occurs in the shoulder, attributing it to stretching or heavy loads. This neglect can lead to disastrous results.

2 the extent of the disease

At this stage, the symptoms of post-traumatic arthrosis is more pronounced. In joint tissues there is a significant deviation, the more the cartilage thins, resulting in the crunch when the person moves his hand. Is inflammation of the synovial membrane.

At the II degree already suffer menisci and intraarticular ligaments. This leads to a reduction of muscle function, and in the future they can expect complete atrophy. To avoid this, you need to consult a doctor.

arthrosis of the shoulder joint degree

3 the extent of the disease

Is not difficult to see deviations in the tissues of the shoulder. The joint has a greater degree of deformation, and the person is virtually unable to move. If we fail to stop this destructive progress, the patient faces complete immobility of the hand.

Grade III poorly to treatment: surgical intervention is necessary. This is why patient is important not to waste time and not to bring the disease to this stage. Statistics 3 stage diagnose quite rare. To destroy the cartilage so badly can only be a very large load on it.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis after radiological examination of the joint. As auxiliary methods can be assigned to a CT (computed tomography) and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). In addition, you may be assigned a common blood test. Acceleration of ESR in the blood test indicative of inflammatory activity.

Treatment

To treat arthritis start assuming, what the extent of the disease diagnose doctor. If this initial stage, a good effect can give and physiotherapeutic treatment methods. If time has been lost and the disease is in the last stage, the doctor will suggest surgical transplant of the shoulder joint.

For pain relief is usually prescribed drug pain relievers of the following categories:

  1. To block inflammation prescribe NSAIDs, for example, "Ibuprofen".
  2. To restore cartilage and reduce pain and also to stop further development of disease is shown taking m, for example, "tones".
  3. For the weakening of the pain syndrome must be taken as anesthetics and analgesics.
  4. For getting rid of muscle spasm and normalization of the structure of joint tissue need muscle relaxants.
  5. To improve the microcirculation tissue prescribe different medicines.
  6. For treatment is also necessary vitamin complexes and collagen.

Physical therapy makes medication more effective. Usually prescribed treatments such as cold therapy, massage, acupuncture, therapeutic mud baths, lotions, laser therapy, magnetotherapy. Late diagnosis of the disease the doctor suggests surgery to replace the joint prosthesis.

Exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder

In the treatment of this disease one of the prerequisites is to carry out a complex of therapeutic exercises that can be done at home. First for 5 minutes daily. Then, adding a little time, bring the duration of gymnastics to 20 minutes a day.

Here are the most effective, but at the same time simple exercises to practice:

  • Jiggle your hand. Sit in a chair, hand impendere down and relax. Leecher make a hand movement back and forth. Repeat 10 times with each hand.
  • Raising the shoulder. Sit in a chair and either together or in turn produce the shoulder following movements: lift and lower them. Do 10 times.
  • The rotation of the shoulders. Follow the circular rotation of the shoulders back and forth each separately or the two together. Repeat 10 times.
shoulder joint arthrosis physical therapy

Physical therapy

Along with medication and physical therapy very often, if there are no contraindications, is assigned a complex of physiotherapeutic procedures. They can be used to increase the effectiveness of drugs, even assigning a lower dosage, and thereby reduce side-effects of drugs. Physical therapy is prescribed at the first signs of osteoarthritis.

Mainly to treat osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint, used physical treatments such as:

  • electrophoresis procedure;
  • ultrasound therapy;
  • magnetic and laser therapy;
  • phototherapy.

All these procedures are beneficial for human body: there is a faster recovery of the tissues can be normalized vascular tone, normalizes blood circulation and lymphatic system. As a consequence, improves metabolism, the joint gets more of the right nutrients, which increases its durability.

Massage

Conduct massage sessions on the shoulder joint, as the left and right will be more effective immediately after it has been made exercises physiotherapy. The implementation of these procedures together helps to improve blood flow in the shoulder joint and rebuild cartilage tissue.

Massage is only possible in the absence of acute pain and reduction of inflammation.

During the session, the massage is done not only on the damaged shoulder, but the collar area and the area of the forearm.

Diet

In the diet should adhere to the following rules:

  1. Meals should be frequent, but to eat small portions.
  2. To add a significant amount of dairy, fish and seafood, as they contain large amounts of calcium, phosphorus and collagen.
  3. It is not recommended to consume sweet and starchy, and fatty and salty foods.
  4. To consume the minimum amount of salt.
  5. Instead of animal it is advisable to consume dairy and vegetable fats.
  6. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables.

Fasting is contraindicated for osteoarthritis. The diet should include foods with a high content of nutrients. Products that do not bring the body to no avail, and sometimes even harmful, it is desirable to reduce or eliminate altogether.

Folk remedies

At home you can prepare the following compresses and decoctionsthat help in the treatment of this disease:

shoulder joint arthrosis traditional methods
  • Take oat flakes (1 tablespoon with a slide) and pour two glasses of water. Put on fire, bring to boil and cook for 10 minutes. Let cool slightly the resulting slurry so as not to burn the skin, and place it in gauze. Apply the compress on the joint that hurts. Leave for 1 hour. This procedure helps to relieve pain.
  • A compress of salt helps with inflammation. Dissolve 50 gr. salt to 0.5 liters of water. In this solution put in 3 hours gauze fabric. After this time, remove the cheesecloth, wring out and heat. Warm cloth put on the aching joint.
  • RUB the affected joint can be a tincture of elecampane. 100 gr. the dried roots of this plant, pour 200 gr. vodka and insist. Lubricate the affected area 5 times a day. To apply every day. It helps to improve blood circulation and relieve pain.
  • Medicinal decoction. Take a metal pan. Add ½ stick of celery, 3 parsley and a little black pepper. Pour 3 cups of water and bring to a boil. Cook without removing lid for 10 minutes. The decoction should be drunk 3 times daily before meals for 14 days daily.

Folk remedies used as an additional method in the fight against osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint. The disease cannot be cured only with their help.

There are contraindications, should consult with a specialist.

28.01.2019