Osteoarthritis of the hip joint: diagnosis and degree

Osteoarthritis of the hip joint and is also called osteoarthritis. This disease in the international classification of ICD-10 codes M16. Disease this is considered to be quite common, related diseases, and to treat it seriously.

In this article we will talk about the symptoms and treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint. As you become familiar with the types of the disease and the clinical recommendations of the physician.

osteoarthritis of the hip joint

What is occurring osteoarthritis of the hip joint

Medical science knows a large number of conditions that can lead to osteoarthritis, but the main few. Here they are:

  • Joint injuries and their overloading, mismatched loads age. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint very often get athletes. This is the most common disease in the elderly sports fans. Often there are situations when not a young person trying to play sports with the same large loads, such as at a young age. At risk are runners, especially marathon runners, sportsmen, football players, players of tennis. The load associated with playing these sports is enormous, and the hip often does not stand up. Thus, athletes at the age of 2 there is as much as threat circumstances: microtrauma and overloading of the whole.
  • Congenital anomalies of the hip joint and its deformation. Often congenital anomalies of the hip joint lead to osteoarthritis. These include irregular shape of the head joint, appearing from birth, Perthes disease, hip dysplasia. This disease may go to the osteoarthritis.
  • Inflammation of the joints, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid, psoriatic and other types of arthritis. Joint inflammation or arthritis can also be causes of arthritis. The joint that is inflamed, is subjected to deforming processes in the joints, i.e. arthrosis appears.
  • Stress and prolonged tension. At first glance it is surprising that stressful situations and different kinds of experiences lead to arthrosis of the hip joint. Actually nothing strange in this phenomenon there. When a person is mentally instabiles condition, the stress or he was just nervous, his body is spasm of the blood vessels. There is even such term — a heart attack hip joint. In medical science this is called aseptic necrosis. It is a process in which there is a sharp compression of one of the arteries supplying the hip joint. As a result, there is a violation of all his work. In addition, in times of stress happen muscle spasms around the hip joint. They, in turn, very strong, and they can significantly clamp the artery. Finally, in stressful situations usually occurs a release of corticosteroids, resulting in joint fluid becomes more viscous, viscous. Thus, because of all this, the joint loses its plasticity when driving.
  • Diabetes type 2 diabetes and hormonal changes. One of the most important factors in the development of osteoarthritis of the hip joint is diabetes, especially type 2. In people with type 2 diabetes, very often also occurs osteoarthritis of the knee. Of course, hormonal age restructuring is also having a significant effect on the hip joint.

It must be remembered that the arthritis will not one kind of cause, and the emergence of the disease will contribute to a combination of adverse factors. For example, injury, stress, hormonal changes — all together they lead to the destruction of the whole.

The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the hip joint

symptoms

So, the joint was hurt. What symptoms accompany the disease? Here are the main signs that accompany the disease:

  • Pain in the groin.

Many people think that pain in the buttocks or hip pain are the main signals of coxarthrosis. Of course, pain in these areas can also occur but the main symptom of osteoarthritis of the hip joint is pain in the groin. For osteoarthritis it occurs when step (usually in the ground or when standing up).

  • Pain that may radiate to the thigh, the buttocks, the sacrum with the patient side.
  • The pain in the knee.

Quite often this leads to diagnostic errors. Medicine knows many cases where the patient treat the knee, and he was sick all this time the hip joint. Thus, the knee may be fine, and the hip joint collapses. The man treated his knee and missing the time necessary for the prompt treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint.

  • The limited mobility of the affected limb.

The patient is almost impossible to independently put on socks or shoes. The man who destroyed hip, hard-wearing socks, bends over the foot, not easy for him to spread his legs wider. Thus, the limitation of the feet is one of the most important symptoms. Sometimes, the patient is diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the hip joint, but he easily spreads her legs, easily puts them as widely as possible. Most likely, the patient is diagnosed, and no arthritis had not. This is due to the fact that with coxarthrosis motor abilities of the lower limbs are falling rapidly. If you can easily tie shoelaces, so you have no hip at all, or it is at 1 degree of its development.

  • Crunching in the joint when walking.

We are talking about tough strong atro while driving. A large number of young people crunching in the joints is observed constantly, but it is not indicating this disease. Crunch, indicating osteoarthritis of the hip, appears when you attempt to make a move and lead feet. It is not a click and that is the crunch.

  • Shortening of sore feet, at least – of its elongation.

Occurs in the later stages of the disease. 10% of people bad leg becomes longer. This type of arthritis to treat is much more difficult.

  • Claudius when walking.

This is usually noticeable to others immediately. People with this symptom is already beginning to understand that his joints something's not right. Unfortunately, if Claudius resistant to treat such arthritis hard. Most likely, the patient will have to operate.

Treatment osteoarthritis hip joint

Read more you need to focus on the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint. Success in the treatment of osteoarthritis depends on the stage of the disease. Decided to allocate 4 stages (or degrees) of osteoarthritis of the hip joint.

treatment of osteoarthritis

On the 1st and 2nd stages is still possible to do without surgery, but later it can not be avoided. So, here are the main characteristics of each of the degrees of osteoarthritis of the hip joint:

Stage 1 is only a slight destruction of the cartilage. Bone is not affected, but only slightly narrowed joint space. Deformation suffered only cartilage.

2-stage osteoarthritis of the hip joint is already characterized by deep destruction of the cartilage. Slightly starts to deform the bone, but it has not destroyed. Thus, treatment without surgery is still possible.

3 degree — it is not only a profound destruction of the cartilage, but also a significant deformation of the bone. For this reason, no operation can not do.

Stage 4 osteoarthritis is characterized by the fact that cartilage has almost no bone is deformed. Here it is necessary to consult a surgeon and do the joint replacement.

Suppose you have still 1 or 2 stage osteoarthritis of the hip joint. In this case, as noted above, it is possible to cure the disease without surgery. In such a situation you can take the necessary measures.

First, the most important thing is physiotherapy. Without her to treat arthritis impossible. The hip joint is deep, it is surrounded by a layer of muscles. Thus, to improve his condition, it is necessary to do exercises to improve circulation.

Secondly, it is necessary to use vasodilators if the patient, of course, not contraindications. It may be that drugs like trental, pentoxifylline, ksantinola nicotinate, etc.

Thirdly, in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint is used chondroprotectors — preparations for the restoration of cartilage. Drugs group chondroprotectors' very much, they have different names. The use of these drugs is a controversial issue in medicine. In recent years in TV programs about health say that these drugs are useless and should not be used. However, doctors clearly think that 1 and 2 stages of osteoarthritis of the hip joint, these drugs are quite effective.

Thus, the three pillars of treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip: gymnastics, vasodilator drugs and chondroprotectors.

In addition to the treatment you can use other methods of therapy. You can try manual therapy and postisometric relaxation or physiotherapy. The last is rarely used for osteoarthritis of the hip joint, because it gives a small effect. This is because the hip joint is very deep, and to get it the majority of physiotherapeutic procedures simply can not afford. Thus, any methods of physiotherapy (laser, magnet, etc.) can facilitate the patient's condition, but they are likely the joint will not cure. There are also a number of recipes that will help to facilitate the disease at home.

However, it should be remembered that only one of folk remedies in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joint is indispensable.

diet for osteoarthritis

Diet for osteoarthritis of the hip joint

Patients have many questions about diet with coxarthrosis. If you do it accurately diagnosed osteoarthritis of the hip joint, and not any similar diseases (arthritis, gout, metabolic syndrome, etc.), then a special diet to treat this disease, you do not need.

The only thing recommended by doctors to gain weight. This is due to the fact that the additional load in the form of extra pounds leads to more rapid destruction of the joint.

Osteoarthritis of the hip joint to prevent possible. For this you need to exercise, exercise that you. One should not overload the joints. Exclusion from the diet of a number of products will help you to improve the condition of their joints. To do this, to abandon the semi-finished products and so-called "fast food". Such products include:

  • The semi-finished products made from the waste of meat production (sausages, wieners, etc.).
  • Smoked meat sold in stores since they are most likely processed by chemical means.
  • Ready meat with flavor enhancers and dyes (bacon, ham, etc.).
  • Also it is better not to visit fast food restaurants and not to eat a variety of fast food.

By following these simple rules, you will be able not only to maintain healthy joints, but also lead your body to normal.

Conclusion

Thus, it is necessary to summarize all of the above the following conclusions.

1 and 2 the degree of the disease to try to cure the therapeutic methods themselves. For that you need physiotherapy, chondroprotectors and vasodilator drugs. Physical therapy only be used if this method helps you. If the treatment is successful, surgery will not be necessary.

With 3 and 4 stages of osteoarthritis of the hip joint necessary surgery because, most likely, have to replace the joint.

operation

In severe pain, you need to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They need to apply only if you have severe pain. These medicines do not cure arthritis, but help him survive.

To prevent osteoarthritis of the hip joint requires prevention, which is to exercise and avoiding harmful food.

21.12.2018