Along with the major joints are also affected small joints, such as: between phalanx, plusno-phalanx, ante Tarsum-plusno, tarano-have and calcaneal-cuboid. Recently, the incidence of lower limb increased, so the information about pain in the joints of the feet causes and treatment become important popular among the bulk of patients.
When the problem starts with the joints, all refer to age. This is the wrong tactic! Because age-related changes occur in all the joints, and in other cases involved one or two (or more) of the articular structures, affecting patients regardless of age and gender. Conventionally, these causes can be divided into three large groups: genetic, congenital and acquired.
When the joints in my feet hurt and swell up the joints, causes what disease is:
Important! To pathologies of the joints, especially joints of lower extremities involved in high physical activity with weight lifting and long walking, running + constant vertical posture of the human body related to professional activities.
Causes of pain in the joints of the feet and the principles of its treatment – it will become clear after laboratory and instrumental studies and therapeutic strategy will be determined only after the joint inspection traumatologist, surgeon, rheumatologist or endocrinologist.
In addition to these reasons, the leg joints ache and swell, not only because of infectious, inflammatory plus destructive process, they can bother even a completely healthy person. For example: tourists, climbers, sportsmen, surgeons, bakers, miners, sellers (and other people whose profession is associated with the vertical position of the body) the joints of the feet are constantly sick. Children of any age (from 1.5 years to adulthood), typical of joint pain, they go through with the onset of puberty, that is full of hormonal stability.
Adolescents and the elderly often sore big toe joint on the foot, the cause may be halus valgus. Due to destruction of the joint capsule causes pain, limitation of motion plus problems with wearing shoes. Treatment in this case, only operational. Pregnant women also characterized by pain in the legs or feet + pain thumbs, after birth, the situation stabiliziruemost and pain disappear forever.
Each pathology affecting the locomotor organs, has its reasons, but the symptoms are almost identical. The main difference or differential diagnosis is laboratory and instrumental studies + manifestation of opportunistic diseases.
Symptomatic complex clinical manifestations of pathologies of musculoskeletal structures made up of:
If the aching joints of the legs, what to do in the first place? All therapeutic actions depend on the reasons causing pain. In the case where the diagnosis is clear, you need to take analgesics, non-steroidal drugs + vitamins of group B. When an unknown diagnosis, the best option to go to the clinic in to the traumatologist or the doctor. Find out why only laboratory and instrumental. After passing General blood tests + urine tests, biochemical blood tests, x-rays, MRI, ultrasound or CT scan – it is possible to draw a General picture and to establish the correct diagnosis with accurate scheme of medical or surgical treatment.
Attention! If you received injuries with contusions, closed, or open fractures plus breaks the meniscus immediately call an ambulance! Do not attempt to fight the pain by painkillers or people's recipes – it is fraught with complications and disability.
The best option to eliminate the pain syndrome in the legs and other joints is the impact on the main factor causing pain. Symptomatic therapy will eliminate her for a certain time. In parallel with analgesics need medication influencing factors such as: increased concentrations of purines for gout , high titer antigen-antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis (administered immunosuppressants). When the intoxication of organism inflammation is destructive substances, that is, if the osteoarthritis are assigned non-steroidal or hormonal drugs . The action of these drugs is only temporary, until the arrival of the ambulance in some measure support the General condition stable.
Specific actions and measures of the patient with pain:
Important! In the presence of in anamnesis in patients of diabetes of the second or third type, with the administration of these medications need to be extremely careful, and best to wait for the emergency doctor.
The most common pathology causing foot pain — arthritis, arthrosis, gout, damage to the meniscus and bursitis.
The inflammatory process in the joint construction or arthritis rheumatoid, infectious, traumatic or reactive nature affects people of all ages regardless of gender. Infectious and reactive types of arthritis begin in the result of pathologies of viral, microbial, bacterial origin. And also after infection of the organism chlamydia, Mycoplasma + gonococcus. With regard to rheumatoid arthritis is the result of an autoimmune aggression of the protective barrier. For these types of pathologies characteristic lesions of joints, tendons, within the articular components affect muscle tissue.
Rheumatoid arthritis is considered a serious diagnosis, because its mechanism is affected by the immune system that destroys healthy joint cells, considering them as an invasion of alien agent. The first targets are the lower and upper limbs, until the inter-phalanx joints. Completely heal the pathology, even after the most effective drugs failed anyone, therapy the stagnation of the process, but do not destroy, pathogenic agent to the end.
With arthrosis of the articular structures undergo large changes. Destruction leads to deformation, partial or full immobilize, as well as changing body shape and a rich and fulfilling life, or rather leads to disability.
Treatment refers to the restoration of the joint by surgery, to rehabilitation plus with special exercises, and with the exception of physical activity. Conservative medical therapy similar pattern of arthritis. A must-have item in treatment is diet, exercise therapy and physiotherapy.
The deposition of uric acid in the joints leads to gout arthritis (read more in this article). This category includes men aged 40 to 55 years. This pathology is less common for women. Most often this can be caused by factors such as hormonal imbalance, kidney stones, complications after poisoning the body with toxic chemicals and metabolic disorders. Gout affects small joints, especially joints of feet and fingers. Treatment is aimed at elimination of the main causes of the high content of urea in the blood. Recommended Spa treatment.
After the full course of treatment patients trying to find information about "aching joints of the legs what to do folk remedies". Traditional medicine contains a lot of therapeutic tools to help patients with pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. The most popular:
And remember: traditional medicine is good, but it is not the primary means to eliminate the inflammatory agent, and the only means to relieve pain, so need to be treated only in the hospital and the doctor!