Sore elbow joints, than to treat

Reasons that could hurt the right or left elbow joint, there are many. This injuries and occupational diseases, and various inflammatory processes. Doctors with complaints of pain in the elbow often faced with the following pathologies:

  1. Arthritis. Occurs degenerative lesions due to infection, Allergy or autoimmune diseases.
  2. Osteoarthritis. It affects the cartilage with subsequent destruction of all anatomical structures.
  3. Epicondylitis. There's inflammation at the site of attachment of ligaments to namiseom of the humerus.
  4. Injury. Inflammation long fracture, dislocation or injury.
  5. The bursitis. The accumulation in the bags of the joint capsule or liquid aseptic inflammatory nature.

With the inside of the arm

If a sore arm at the bend on the inner side of the elbow is the main symptom of epicondylitis when inflamed forearm muscles. This disease often occurs in professional tennis players and golfers. The normal movement of the elbow joint discomfort was not delivered, and with increasing loads or repetitive monotonous movements appears diminished strength in the arm, weakness and aching pain.

The worst affected by the disease people after 40 years who, by reason of professional activities always loaded hands, drivers, artists, programmers, painters, typists, weightlifters. Overvoltage muscles on the inner side of the hands of possible micro damage and inflammation, which leads to overgrowth of scar tissue, deposition of salts and spasms.

In flexion and extension

Pain during flexion and extension of hands can be a symptom of bursitis of the elbow joint. In injuries of the elbow cells of the synovial membrane begins to produce from inside the joint fluid, which accumulates in the joint capsule. When the amount of fluid increases, the inflammation of the synovial cavities – there is a burning pain, swelling, lumps, tumors, increased body temperature, the skin on the elbow is red.

Dolor Acutus, cum expressi

Bursitis can be two stages: chronic and acute. In acute course of the disease joint hurts badly, and the diameter of the inflamed area sometimes reaches 10 cm Chronic bursitis does not create acute pain, felt only a slight burning sensation in the elbow, but it takes much longer. While the hand maintains the fluidity – inflamed area looks very dense formation. To establish the type of bursitis, doctors take a puncture of the joint capsule.

During exercise and weight lifting

The pain in the elbow with a load of "tells" that a person develops osteoarthritis. Cause of degenerative-degeneration of the disease is lesion of the cartilage tissue at the articular surfaces. At the time of hand movements, the patient can even hear the crunch, but at the touch of the elbow is painless, since there is an intense inflammatory process. If arthrosis of the elbow joint is not treated, it progresses to an advanced stage, thus gradually lost the mobility of his hands, reduced the amplitude of the available movements, as the pathology spreads to other joints.

When you compress a fist

If it hurts the elbow when you compress a fist, then this may be the reason for developing osteoarthritis. The disease begins due to endocrine abnormalities, metabolic disorders, after surgeries, traumas or injuries. In the later stages of osteochondrosis of the elbow joint develops numbness of the fingers, changing the shape of the elbow, a gradual limitation of arms, so it is important when the first symptoms to see a doctor. Getting rid of this insidious disease is considered the most challenging.

Aching pain

Developing arthritis can give not sharp, but aching pain. The cause of this disease is infection or disruption of the immune system. Also a frequent injury of the elbow or wrist, torn ligaments and tendons eventually leads to arthritis. If left untreated, the elbow will increase in volume, becomes thick and hot to the touch. The disease is accompanied by weakness, fever, lack of appetite, constant headache.

Orthopaedicarum

Sharp pain when pressed

If the click is a sharp pain in the elbow, it can be the consequence of severe injury or fracture. Another reason is a torn ligament, muscle or fracture a bone. But if no bruises were not, and a sharp pain occurs when the load and pressing on the elbow, it can be reflected, that is, the source is not joint, and the spine. In radians (reflected) pain the joint is not deformed and the mobility of its remains the same, and the cause may be pinching the nerve roots between spinal hernia.

To what doctor to address the pain in the elbow

If there is a different kind of pain in the elbow, you should contact several specialists because it can be caused by a variety of reasons. When the cause is disorder of the cervical spine, it is advisable to see a neuro surgeon and a neurologist, to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. But the disease often occurs on the basis of inflammatory changes, as it detects only a rheumatologist. If after hitting the elbow swelling and pain, then immediately should go to the reception to trauma.

What surveys are required

In order to avoid serious consequences for your health need to undergo a thorough diagnosis. An experienced specialist can make a diagnosis and visual inspection, but to confirm the patient still goes to the survey. The main methods of diagnosis are:

  • radiography;
  • Ultrasound;
  • laboratory samples of blood and urine.

Methods of treatment of elbow joints

Treatment can go traditionally non-traditional and using folk remedies. Often doctors prescribe a complex treatment to quickly relieve pain, to restore mobility of the elbow, to avoid muscle atrophy and to normalize the peripheral blood circulation. Analgesia occurs with medical treatment, electrophoresis and warm compresses. And with inflammatory processes, traditional medicine.

Physiotherapy

Drug

Treatment of diseases of the elbow joint drug method can be carried out externally (ointments, creams, gels), by injection (shots) and pills. Basic drugs that effectively relieve pain and inflammation:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It's painkillers, which begins the treatment of any disease of the elbow joint. They have a strong heat reduction, anti-inflammatory effect and are applied orally in the form of capsules or tablets, topically with ointments. In rare cases, appointed by intramuscular injection if the patient has problems with the liver or gastrointestinal tract.
  2. Glucocorticoids hormones. In many respects they are similar to NSAIDs, but are used in the most severe clinical cases, because they have more serious side effects. Hormones quickly inhibit all phases of inflammation, regardless of the cause, and have immunomodulatory effects. They do not treat diseases of the elbow joint, but facilitate the flow.
  3. Chondroprotective funds. Defenders of the joints, manufacturing based on natural materials. Their purpose is to restore destroyed cartilage. But the effect of chondroprotectors is very long: some patients taking the treatment up to 6 months.
  4. The hyaluronic acid. They play a huge role in the formation of cartilage, because of natural hyaluronic is a major part of the cells that produce cartilage tissue. These drugs are administered through injections, improving its cushioning and glide with movement. Hyaluronic acid has a positive effect from 3 to 12 months.

Orthopedic

If you have any pain in the elbow under load, during a workout or after injury, it is at the forefront of orthopaedic treatment. Orthopedist-traumatologist , depending on the type of damage to the elbow, prescribes the wearing of tight bandages, plaster, in coniciendum, special material, which help immobilize the arm in a stationary state. For the duration of the treatments they are laid from the base of the wrist to the upper third of the shoulder.

Physiotherapy

Treatment of the elbow with the help of physio treatments always is complex, with drug therapy. With proper and regular use, this combination gives an excellent result. The most effective methods of physical therapeutic treatment:

  1. Cryotherapy. When significant inflammatory changes to relieve edema and improve circulation the treatment of cold: apply a dry cryo sauna where the air is chilled or on the affected area is exposed to liquid nitrogen, which leads to instant cooling.
  2. Electrophoresis. This type of treatment helps the medicines to penetrate deeper into the affected area when exposed to a magnetic current.
  3. Laser therapy. On the elbow affect the low-energy laser radiation, to activate the vital processes, to provide tissue more oxygen for quick recovery of articular cartilage.
  4. Sodium chloride baths. This method physio therapeutic treatment provides an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effect. Due to salt spray on the affected area, it creates a thermic effect which increases consumption of oxygen by the cells, accelerate the metabolism, expand blood vessels.
Popularis felis

Popular recipes

To cure diseases of the elbow joint with the help of folk remedies preferably in combination with drug therapies and physiological treatments to come as soon as a positive effect. Folk recipes:

  1. Arthritis. Combine the milk and the dried shells of several eggs to the porridge shaped state. The resulting solution was put on gauze bandage, apply to the joint and wrap with plastic wrap and top with a warm cloth. Keep the whole night, then rinse with water. Recommended daily for 5 days.
  2. Osteoarthritis. Mix equal amount of Apple cider vinegar and honey. Steep the mixture for 2 hours, then use for grind. After the procedure, the elbow should be kept warm for several hours. Carry out rubbing it daily for three weeks.
  3. Epicondylitis. During periods of exacerbation take 1 teaspoon of green tea, pour with boiling water, let cool. Tea pour into molds for ice, then the frozen cubes and apply to the affected joint, until melted. The pain has decreased, treatment should be performed at least 4 days in a row.
  4. The bursitis. Brew in equal proportions, chamomile, burdock root, St. John's wort, yarrow. The broth should be within a few hours to insist, then take 3 times/day for half a glass before meals. You need to consume daily for 21 days, then the pain let go a long time.

Surgical

In advanced cases require complete removal of the bursal or her radical scavenging. Such measures are taken when recurrent bursitis or with pus inflammation of the elbow joint. Surgical treatment is called bursectomy, in which over a synovial Bursa is a small incision, and is removed through the drainage of purulent fluid. At full operation, the Bursa is cut out on the olecranon is removed irregularities to prevent recurrence, then the skin is sutured in layers. After surgery the arm is fixed at an angle of 90 degrees by a special bus.

02.05.2018